Afib with rvr is the abbreviation of Atrial fibrillation with a “rapid ventricular response” and it is a heart condition develops when the electrical pulses which coordinate the contractions of the twinned-chambers of the heart begins to work improperly. Most of the times, afib with rvr becomes unidentified and does not show any indication or symptoms for the patient or physician to diagnose and identify the disease but atrial fibrillation can be very dangerous and it even becomes threatening to life.
In order to recognize afib with rvr, we must initially know the heart functions. Imagine two sets of units stacked one on top of the other – artium (or artia if plural) is the the upper pair of chambers and are bigger and each connects into a lower unit below which are comparatively smaller in size known as a ventricle. The atrium’s function is to gather the blood as it comes to the heart and then shrink as a result of which it pushes the blood into the ventricle; at that particular moment, the smaller ventricle must contract to keep pumping the blood all over the body. This process generates a double-beat voice which is the heart’s signature and this is called the Sinus Rhythm.
It is vital that this is synchronized precisely so that the atrium does not pump blood into the ventricle when the ventricle is contracting and not ready on cue appropriately to receive the blood into the ventricle. If, for any reason, it refuses to shrink timely or do so on schedule, then the ventricle will not have blood to circulate around the body. To perform this task successfully, an electrical pulse is generated which informs the atrium about the right time to contract and this is generated by the natural pacemaker built-in the heart called the Sinoatrial Node (SA Node) and as the signal passes the atrium, it makes it to contract when desired.
Afib or Atrial fibrillation is where the electric pulse is crossing the atrium and efficiently short-circuiting. The atrium doesn’t shrink or does so inappropriately – failing to contract the atrium “fibrillates” instead. It can be pictured asjelly vibrating on a surface.
It is worth to note that unnecessary treatment for afib with rvr is not required if the patient is having mild symptoms and no loss of quality of life is experienced by the patient. If required, the afib with rvr condition can be appropriately handled by medication or catheters may be applied to stream line the operation of the heart, but do it only when there is medical intervention required. In some situations of afib with rvr, this approach does not work or the medication develops symptoms which make the situation worst for the patient or the patient has a known medical history and risk factor background which leads to heart surgery. Surgical operation for afib with rvr uses a process called the Maze Procedure, in which electrical signal redirection is performed across the atrium to re-establish the Sinus Rhythm and this type of surgical operation has extremely high success rates of around 80% to 100% in most of the cases.
Because of its nature, afib with rvr is usually not identified until a more severe health event happens, it is imperative that the patient receive scheduled and frequent cardiac screenings to trace out the condition as soon as possible. Other health conditions such as work out intolerance, breath shortness, “palpitations” and in some cases, angina, may be experienced. Those patients with a medical history of diabetes, cardiac problems, hypertension and rheumatic fever are all considered in a growing risk category for afib with rvr.